Activities of Fifth Stage



On September 27th 2009, the 5th survey groupsf conference of Horikawa-Sennin Chosatai (HSC) was held at the Nagoya Trade and Industry center in Fukiage, Chikusa-ward.

When: September 27th 2009, 13:30-16:00

Where: the 3rd meeting room at 4F, the Nagoya Trade and Industry center


On September 27th 2009, the 5th survey groupsf conference was held at Nagoya Trade and Industry center in Fukiage, Chikusa-ward.

About two and half year have passed since beginning of the social experiment that is transmission of raw water from the Kiso river (TRWKR) to the Horikawa River (HR).

The purpose of this meeting were as follows:

(1)  Summarizing the result of the survey by the citizenfs survey groups in the 5th stage from April to June, 2009.

(2)  Verifying that TRWKR brought what change to the HR in this 2 and half a year.

(3)  Discussions that how does it act as the citizens for the end of the social experiment after half a year, and how not only the investigations but also actual purification will and the cleanup campaign should be developed in future.

About 80 people from citizenfs survey groups and administrative parties concerned and had some active discussions.

At the conference, the video when the questionnaire survey in the Horikawa flower festival held in spring is executed to the citizens who passed in the Naya-bashi and Nishiki-bashi bridge is introduced.

Participants in the hall gave a sigh when the citizens in the video said gAs I thought, this river is stinkyh or gThe transparency is bad, and the bottom of the river is dirtyh.

On the other hand, there was encouraging news that as much as 80% citizens wanted to come to the HR again though the citizens who thought the HR to be dirty were 80 % in the questionnaire.

In the video, message of Takashi Kawamura, the Mayor of Nagoya City was introduced when the survey groups visited him.

The participant was gazing quietly to the screen in the scene where the mayor said that gI think TRWKR should be continued, because the raw water transmission to the HR was important for the clarification. I will go to the Ministry of Land Infrastructure Transport and Tourism to askh.

Most of all membersf opinions were gWe want to continue the experiment of TRWKR after April in 2010h, and it was resolved at the end of the conference, that we, Horikawa Sen-nin Chosatai (HSC) were going to appeal them positively to the administration in the future.

Moreover, it is decided that the event of the cleanup activity etc. planned by an individual survey group and the assistance crops should be tied to actual clarification of the HR by the prior information sharing and all groupsf cooperate.

There was calling also, gPlease participate the cleaning activity that the Nagoya Horikawa Lions Club will do in the vicinity of Matsushige-gate at 9 AM on Octover 3h.

The survey by Nagoya City administration showed that the water quality got worse a little.

At first of the meeting, Nagoya city administration presented the results of the survey.

The report said that the value of BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) and DO (dissolved oxygen) in the 5th stage had got worse a little compared with the 3rd stage in the last year.

However, the numerical value has improved it in the 5th stage compared with the 1st stage, the beginning of the transmission of raw water.

As a rule, the administration survey was executed once a month (12 times a year), in the regular place (at the Koshio bridge), at the ebb of the neap tide.

It is executed for a long time continuously, and so the tendency of the HRfs water quality change is understood though there are fewer samples.

However, because the number of samples is limited, in reality, it is difficult to close in on the cause of the change of the water quality in the HR which is hourly changed by tide and weather, etc.

The citizensf survey groups of HSC greatly close in clarification of the HR.

On the other hand, a lot of citizens in HSC are executing the investigation in a lot of places of the Horikawa River (HR), at various time zones, in various weathers, and in various tides.

The number of report by HSC in 2 and half years was 1,584, overwhelmingly more than that of the administrative survey, and played the role to supply it.

Especially in this meeting, a lot of indeed interesting analysis results are reported, and the HR clarification has advanced greatly.

It is expected that these results are lead to useful proposal for gthe Horikawa purification measureh by the administration in future.

Following things had been understood from the data by the citizensf survey.

1.       It has been understood that the state of the HR in the downstream of the Sanage Bridge is hourly changeable due to the rise and fall of the tide.

A lot of observations which the fixed point observation groups did were a major breakthrough in clarification of the normal state of HR.

2.       In the 5th stage, the average temperature was higher than the last 2 years.

Moreover, changes in water level on the ebb tide were larger than two years in the past, and there were a lot of time zones that the water level at the ebb tide is lower. (There was a point that it might be also related that there was a total eclipse of the sun in July, though a scientific verification was necessary.)

Therefore, as a feature, in the 5th stage there are phenomena that the water level of the HR is lower and the flow velocity is faster at the ebb tide and the flood tide than the last 2 years.

* There was not so much substantial change in the water level at the flood tide.

3.       Because of these reasons, more phenomena that sludge exposed on the surface of the water at the ebb and sludge rolled in water and went up in the HR were seen more frequently in this year than the last 2 years.

It was seemed that these phenomena influenced color of water, transparency, COD, smell, and bubbles, etc., and administrative survey and the citizensf survey pointed out that the quality of the HRfs water was worse in this summer than the last summer.

It seems that it was also a origin that the average temperatures in this year was higher than last year.

4.       In the 5th stage, because the water level is low and the flow velocity was fast at the ebb tide, it was pointed out that smell had deteriorated especially in the central area between the Asahi Bridge and the Matsushige Bridge.

Especially the ratio of gaddled egg smellh has increased when the state like gblue tideh happen in the HR.

* Blue Tide:

The phenomenon is called a blue tide that the surface of the water changes into milky-blue and the milky-white.

If oxygen-deficient water can arise, because oxygen is deprived by resolving the organism, the sulphuric acid ion contained in it is reduced with the sulphate reducer that is anaerobic bacteria, and become a sulfide ion.

Water that contains the sulfide ion generates the hydrogen sulfide that smells that the egg rots, and generates the corpuscle of sulfur and SOx by reacting with the oxygen in the atmosphere.  

This corpuscle drifts in water, reflects sunlight, and discolors the surface of the water to milky-blue and milky-white.

Photo: The Horikawa River (HR), July 22, 2009 (A total eclipse of the sun was observed on the day)

This photograph was taken at the Nishikibashi Bridge to the direction of Nayabashi Bridge.

Bottom of this photo is upstream, top is downstream (You can see the Nayabashi Bridge in the top).


The color of the upstream area was ggray yellow greenh.

Downstream area was glight blue gray (it looked like blue tide)h.


The river smelled strong addled egg odor around the gray water area (the downstream area).


A young striped mullet seemed to breathe with difficulty.

A crayfish was out of the water, at the edge of river.


Photographer : Kawasemi Survey Group

5.       There were some improvements in water quality between the Sanage Bridge and Matushige Bridge in the HR. These improvements are presumed to be due to the effects of TRWKR, etc. The improved area tabulates as follows.














Method of Evaluation
















Impression of Clearness

Improvements stage by stage



Improvements by TRWKR


Improvements stage by stage



Improvements by TRWKR




Improvements stage by stage


Improvements by TRWKR





Improvements stage by stage





Improvements stage by stage






Explanatory Note:

Improvements were seen stage by stage.


Improvements were seen after TRWKR.



Improvements were not seen.

The improvements of water quality per stage were as follows.

EImpression of appearance was improved between the Matsusige Bridge and the Sanage Bridge.

ETransparency was improved between the Matsusige Bridge and the Sanage Bridge.

ECOD was improved between the Ohseko Bridge and the Sanage Bridge.

EBubbles were improved in midstream and upstream area.

ESmell was improved between the Asahi Bridge and the Sanage Bridge. Improvements were not seen in town midstream area. Especially, smell between the Asahi Bridge and the Matususige Bridge is worse than other area.

The improvements of water quality after TRWKR were as follows.

EImpression of appearance was improved almost of all area in the HR.

ETransparency was improved between the Ohseko Bridge and the Johoku Bridge. Change of transparency was not seen because it in upstream area is good at all times.

ECOD was improved on the day with TRWKR between the Asahi Bridge and the Sanage Bridge. Unfortunately, the improvement by TRWKR was not able to be confirmed in the lower reaches of central urban area.


6.       It was clarified that the water quality of the HR was worse in the period from spring to early summer (from April to June) than from autumn to winter (from September to December).

The following factors will be considered as reason.

(1)       Because the temperature of the HR comes to be higher in summer time, contamination (organism etc.) tends to melt to water and increase easily.

(2)       In summer, the water level at the daytime ebb tide is lower than that of the nighttime ebb tide. In winter, the water level at the daytime ebb tide is higher than that of the nighttime ebb tide by contrast.

Since the survey is mainly done in daytime; the condition is worse in summer than winter despite at same ebb tide.

On the other hand, it is guessed as the reflection in data that the winter survey is done with good condition compared with summer time.

The investigation in summer easily receives the influence of the tide (colloidal sediment circulation etc.), because the water level at the ebb tide is low. Therefore, the survey data in summer is thought to be more disadvantageous than winter.


7.       Artificial garbage that floated on the HR was roughly in the decreasing tendency.

However, the confirmation frequency of garbage has increased in down-midstream area (from the Matsusige Bridge to the Oseko Bridge).

The garbage of the plastic and paper containers has increased.


8.       On the road, the frequency of the garbage in which the cigarette butt is seen is high.

On the other hand, the decreasing tendency is seen in the plastic bag, plastic bag with the garbage, the empty cans, newspaper, and the wrapping paper of cigarettes.


9.       The decrease of the garbage floating on the HR and the garbage on the road is thought that the change in a social environment including the charge on plastic bag in addition to the awareness of the citizens that it wants to clean the HR (effects of the cleanup activity and the on-site training, etc.) influences.


10.   The living things in the HR.

It was confirmed at the Koshio Bridge that a lot of young fishes of the mullet (the estuarine water fishEEggs is laid in the sea) which it was born this year had passed ran up.

Comparatively speaking, the frequency of the report in which the young fish of mullet was seen at the span from the Habashita Bridge to the Nayabashi Bridge was increased this year.



Cover shot of the meeting

At the last of the meeting, almost of participants agreed to hope continuation of the Transmission of Raw Water from the Kiso River (TRWKR) after next April, with raising their hands.

Then, participants confirmed the intension to carry out what they can do as citizens steadily.


Mr. Umemoto, chairman of executive committee of gthe Horikawa Sen-nin Chosataih, greeted at the beginning of the meeting.


All participants discussed with administrationfs survey and citizensf one eagerly.


According to the administrationfs survey, the quality of water of the HR was improved as compared with the 1st stage. However, it deteriorated a little as compared with the 3rd stage, last year.


According to the citizensf survey, it was pointed out that, uncertain as to whether or not, the fact total eclipse of the sun occurred this year might relate to, the water level of the Horikawa River (HR) at low tide was lower than these 2 years.

And it was reported that this should caused prevention of important of water quality of the HR.


The gKojyo & the Horikawa Lifestylesh survey group and the gHorikawa C-cubeh cheering group of Aichi Shukutoku University carried out a questionnaire which the HR be evaluated by citizens.

The questionnaire showed that about 80% of people evaluated the HR dirty, meanwhile 80% wanted to come to the river again.


Some members of Horikawa Sen-nin Chosatai (HSC) visited Mr. Kawamura, the Mayor of Nagoya city.

He told, gThe improvement of the HR is fundamental for an urban policy of the Nagoya city. TRWKR is necessary for us, and I will petition the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism for continuation of TRWKRh

He also encouraged them with sincere words, gI arrpeciate to your citizenfs effort. Please research and discover old worthy buildings around the HR for protecting them, and enable to set those building against the HR toward the river.h


The members of the gKojyo & the Horikawa Lifestylesh survey group mentioned about what they talked with the mayor.

They told that the mayor has welcomed us, and wanted us to visit more and more, therefore, we could expect much of him.


The gC-cube Seiryuh survey group who always survey around the Koshio Bridge where an administration survey was carried out, announced their surveyfs impression that, the HR was quite worse at ebb tide this year.


The member of the gGoyousui-ato-gaien-aigokaih survey group invited the mayor to hoin the HR cheering group when he came to the Horikawa Flower Festival.

This made some member of HSC enable to visit the mayor.


This is a snakefs slough found by the gGoyousui-ato-gaien-aigokaih survey group at the Kitashimizu Water Park. It is a rate specimen having face sharply looked seeing.


The gKawasemih survey group succeeded to take rare photograph, clealy changing color of water between upper and lower of the Nishikibashi Bridge, on the day of total eclipse of the sun.


The g23rd Environmental Department of Nagoya Kohnen Collegeh survey group has contributed greatly to increase the number of Horikawa cheering groups.


Also, the g23rd Environmental Department of Nagoya Kohnen Collegeh survey group reported a result of citizensf questionnaire.

And they announced that they would report about the result, implemented in the Nagoya Environment Day, as soon as possible.


The g22nd Environmental Department of Nagoya Kohnen Collegeh survey group has acted as members of senior associated the gKojyo & the Horikawa Lifestylesh survey group this year.

Then, conscious of what only survey is insufficiently, they are planning of put in EM-containing mud balls at downstream of the Jyohoku Bridge, as the g23rdh survey group.


The gKojyo & the Horikawa Lifestylesh survey group announced that upper area not be affected by transmission of raw water from the Kiso river (TRWKR) should be survey.

So they started to survey in upper area of Moriyama ward. As a result of survey, these area had large fluctuate in water quality from day to day, influenced by condition of the Shonai River, was reported.


The Horikawa Clarification Committee, cheering group was implementing experiment of water quality clarification at right bank of the Kameyabashi Bridge.

They brought up that they went to the Kameyabashi Bridge once in a week, and found that many blue-green algae and small water snails had been sucked in by pump in the case of low tide since last autum.

Also, they announced that young fish of striped mullet have been seen frequently.



The gHyottokoh survey group was investigating at the Otobashi Bridge. They appealed to clean sludge beside bank up manually as much as possible.




Nagoya city explained the Horikawa River General Development Plan in 30 years ahead.


The director of the Horikawa River General Development Office announced gWe expect many public comments brought up.h


The chairman of Nagoya Horikawa Lions Club appealed that they would implement clean up campaign and putting in of EM-containing mud balls at Matsushige Sliceway, so many particitpants should be expected.


Mr. Yamada, vice Mayor of Nagoya City, spoke out gFinally, I would like to speak something.h

He appreciated those activities of Horikawa Sen-nin Chosatai (HRC) serve as driving force for revival the Horikawa River.


Also, Mr. Yamada announced about progressed waste water treatment in the Meijyo water treatment center, prepared as Nagoya City, and progress of construction work of underground rainwater storage tank both side of the HR.

About the exchange activity of upper and lower the Kiso River, progressing achievement of internet exchange congress in last year, setting up of the drop shipment shop of the Kiso River basin in Jyoshin is planned.

Whole the clarification or revival activities of urban rivers in Japan, no other case can be seen compare with HSC; citizens organize survey groups, write such detail reports up, progress awareness activities and cleanup campaigns utilizing network.

Also, such approach, administration, citizens, universities, and companies combine and work together, has unique progressing, then we can proud of it as the Nagoya citizen.

Driving hearts and carrying abilities out steadily, then sustained approach for revival of limpid stream of the HR should be amazingc




Why not ask your friends to join us in cleaning the Horikawa River, and make more survey groups!

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